The Ontario Federation of Agriculture (OFA) supports scaling-up Ontario’s Bioeconomy to increase opportunity and diversity for Ontario farmers.

Crop residue after harvest has been accumulating with increased yields. Surplus residues can be used as feedstock to be processed into bio- products, plastics, fuels, or gas. Low input biomass crops, such as miscanthus and switchgrass, can also be grown to feedstock Ontario’s growing bioeconomy. There are also other markets for these products that includes bedding, heating, and composting.

Ontario’s bio-industry cluster has already begun to provide opportunities to farmers through a Cellulosic Sugar Producers Co-operative, which was created through a partnership with Bioindustrial Innovation Canada, Comet Bio Refining, and BioAmber. This initiative was supported through Growing Forward 2 as an Agri-Science Cluster Project.

The Co-operative will look to collect over 50,000 tonnes of corn stover biomass annually from approximately 700,000 acres yielding over 150 bu/ac in Southwestern Ontario. Approximately 26,500 tonnes of wheat straw will also be collected as feedstock for Comet Bio Refining.

The Ontario Federation of Agriculture has assisted in feasibility studies associated with crop residue collection and biomass crop production in Ontario. This includes recommended amounts of residue removal and effective processes for collection and transportation. It is always important to ensure that enough residue is being incorporated back into the soil to improve soil health. 

The Ontario Federation of Agriculture also supports the production of renewable natural gas, on farm or in clusters throughout the province. We will continue to support further opportunity for farmers in Ontario’s bioeconomy through further research and innovation, funding opportunities, policy frameworks, and scaling up of the industry.    

Biomass Project

Investment in this project has been provided by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada through the Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program (CAAP). In Ontario, this program is delivered by the Agricultural Adaptation Council.


Cost Assessment for Cornstalk Supply Chain for Bioprocessing Purposes


Corn Stover Conversion Template

Video: Predicting Biomass Yields of Corn Stover With Satellite Imaging


Crop Residue R&D for Bioprocessing Opportunities in Canada

Determining Optimal Removal Rate Regional Supply of Corn Stover in Ontario

Cornstalk Harvesting Cost Assessment Report


Biomass Carbon Footprint Fact Sheet

Commercial Application of Pyrolysis Technology in Agriculture

CIRAIG - Ontario Switchgrass and Miscanthus Farm Gate Carbon Footprints - Final Report October 2013

Considerations for Grading Agricultural Residue

Development of a Business Case for a Cornstalks to Bioprocessing Venture – Final Report

Assessment of Hay Crop Acreage and Pasture Land for Biomass Production in Ontario – Final Report


Forums on Agricultural Biomass for Combustion Energy

Optimization and Scale-up of Liquid Nutrient Extraction and Recovery Process

Assessment of Business Case for Purpose-Grown Biomass in Ontario

Biomass Crop Residues Availability for Bio-Processing in Ontario

Biomass Energy Crop Densification 

Environmental Sustainability Attributes of Biomass by CIRAIG-AGECO

Alternative Technologies to Transform Biomass Energy by Western Sarnia-Lambton Research Park


Report on Literature Review of Agronomic Practices for Energy Crop Production under Ontario Conditions - University of Guelph

 Literature Review and Study - Energy Market Alternatives for Commercially Grown Biomass in Ont

Feasibility of Improving Biomass Combustion through Extraction of Nutrients - Cennatek Report

Submissions & Correspondence

OFA submission to OMAFRA's Farms Forever Consultation
(June 29, 2017)

OFA Pre-budget Submission to Standing Committee on Finance and Economic Affairs
(January 22, 2016)

Pre-budget Submission to Standing Committee on Finance and Economic Affairs
(January 23, 2015)

Presentation to Ontario Standing Committee on Finance
(March 25, 2013)


BioAmber to open new markets for Ontario farmers
(May 17, 2012 - Bioeconomy)

Research projects offer farmer-made solutions for the sector
(June 21, 2013 - Water, Land Use Policy & Farmland Preservation, Agri-Food Research, Bioeconomy)

A business case for a cornstalks to bioprocessing venture
(August 19, 2013 - Bioeconomy)

OFA: Building an Ontario bioeconomy
(November 21, 2014 - Bioeconomy)

OFA crunches the numbers on issues for provincial budget
(January 16, 2015 - Rural Economic Development, Health Care, Education, Bioeconomy, Natural Gas Infrastructure, Provincial Funding Transfers to Municipalities )

OFA is helping build the Ontario bioeconomy
(August 15, 2014 - Bioeconomy)

OFA – LCF reduce cornstalk supply chain cost projects up to 40%
(July 17, 2015 - Bioeconomy)

Comet Biorefining to build first commercial biomass sugar plant in Sarnia
(February 18, 2016 - Bioeconomy)

Ontario Federation of Agriculture and La Coop fédérée publish a Cornstalk Harvesting Cost Assessment Report
(September 15, 2015 - Bioeconomy)

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