Environmentalists and farmers urge Ontario to protect freshwater by putting a deposit on plastic bottles (2017)

In a joint letter, Environmental Defence and the Ontario Federation of Agriculture say a deposit return program would boost recycling rates and generate funds to help protect the Great Lakes from threats like algal blooms.

Toronto, Ont.Environmental Defence and the Ontario Federation of Agriculture — with support from 23 other environmental and agricultural groups — have submitted a joint letter asking the Ontario government to protect freshwater by putting a deposit on single-use beverage containers, like plastic water bottles.

“Every year in Ontario, one billion plastic bottles end up in landfills or our environment,” said Ashley Wallis, Water Program Manager with Environmental Defence. “We need to turn this plastic tide. The Blue Box program isn’t working well enough. And deposit return programs, like what the province already has for wine and beer bottles, are a proven way to increase recycling rates.”

Plastic pollution is a growing problem in the Great Lakes, which provide drinking water for millions of Canadians and support a quarter of the country’s farms. Currently, about 80 per cent of litter in the lakes is plastic. Ontario also has the lowest collection rate for plastic beverage containers in Canada, at 47 per cent. In comparison, Canadian jurisdictions with deposit return programs collect up to 95 per cent of their bottles.

The joint letter states, in addition to boosting recycling rates, a deposit return program could generate an estimated $100 million annually to help protect the Great Lakes from threats such as harmful algal blooms. Lake Erie, in particular, has been plagued by a number of large and sometimes toxic algal blooms in recent years. The lake had its largest bloom ever recorded in 2015. It was so big that it could be seen from space.

Ontario has committed to reducing run-off pollution — a key factor behind the blooms — in the lake by 40 per cent. But it needs to put some dollars behind that commitment. The groups say that a deposit return program would help the province achieve this target by funding programs that help farmers maintain and enhance agricultural lands, and reduce nutrient loss.

“Ontario farmers take our environment and its sustainability seriously. We are already taking measures and conducting research to reduce algal blooms,” said Keith Currie, President of the Ontario Federation of Agriculture. “A bottle levy could help farmers fund and adopt innovative ways to ensure the Great Lakes thrive in the future, while keeping plastic out of our waterways and landfills.”

Algal blooms are a serious threat to public health, wildlife, and local economies. In 2014, Pelee Island residents and 500,000 Toledo, OH residents were left without access to safe tap water for days, due to algal blooms on Lake Erie. If action isn’t taken to tackle the problem, it is estimated that the economy of southwestern Ontario could see a loss of $5.8 billion during the next 30 years.

Download the full letter.

About ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENCE ( Environmental Defence is Canada's most effective environmental action organization. We challenge, and inspire change in government, business and people to ensure a greener, healthier and prosperous life for all.

About THE ONTARIO FEDERATION OF AGRICULTURE ( The Ontario Federation of Agriculture (OFA) is the largest general farm organization in Ontario, representing 36,000 farm families across the province. As a dynamic farmer-led organization based in Guelph, the OFA works to represent and champion the interests of Ontario farmers through government relations, farm policy recommendations, research, lobby efforts, community representation, media relations and more. OFA is the leading advocate for Ontario’s farmers and is Ontario’s voice of the farmer.

For more information or to arrange an interview please contact:

Jen Mayville, Environmental Defence; 416-323-9521 ext. 228; 905-330-0172 (cell);

Keith Currie, President, Ontario Federation of Agriculture; 705-441-4223;


Dorinne G Belbeck says on February 10, 2017 at 4:18 PM

Long overdue...!

Bill Jeffery says on February 10, 2017 at 4:40 PM

I fully support this initiative. I suggest a dime as the appropriate deposit value, as the retailers are going to "scream Blue Murder". They will need to invest in an appropriate "squashing-machine", (like the grocery stores do with cardboard. Then, who should keep the dime? Furthermore, this proposal would be much more palatable if the province also up-dated the deposits on beer, wine, and liquor bottles to a quarter, recognising the looong passage of time since deposits on them was instituted. Has anyone mustered support from the Beer Store as the collection centre? Go for it!

Freja Ploeg says on February 10, 2017 at 4:55 PM

Can OFA make a petition that farmers can sign??

Rudolf Matt says on February 10, 2017 at 8:24 PM

You can't resolve the algal blooms in the lakes with an environmental fee, like a deposit for the water plastic bootles, electronics or reduce the Air Pollution with a Cap and Trade System. Our Planet exist on only apr.100 Basic elements. We only produce new connections but we have find a way to break this. That's the real recycling for the future not to play the game with money for nothing.

Carrolleigh Cecile says on February 15, 2017 at 1:37 AM

I applaud OFA for taking this position.A recycling fee is long overdue. Maybe the answer lies in banning plastic single use water bottles in favour of public drinking fountains and refilling watering know, like we used to have.

Lynn Gates says on March 11, 2017 at 6:34 PM

It would be lovely to ban unnecessary bottled water but no way would Nestle and Coca Cola allow governments to do so. They lobby effectively, while farmers and environmentalists don't have the money to do so.

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