Wildlife & Wildlife Damage


Wildlife damages continue to be an ongoing headache for Ontario farmers. Ontario farmers are facing increased damages to livestock, crops and property from a wide range of wildlife. In addition to losses to livestock through predation by coyotes, wolves, bears, etc., farmers also face damages to standing crops and orchards, stored crops, forages, and to farm property, consisting of mostly fences. Deer are responsible for a large portion of the crop and orchard damage, while elk is responsible for fence and stored forage damage. This issue has been ongoing for fruit and vegetable produces for over twenty years. There continues to be an increased number of reports of damages to cars and trucks resulting from collisions with wildlife, specifically deer, which has at times caused injuries or death to vehicle occupants.

Caring for sick, injured or orphaned wildlife

As outlined in the Ministry of Natural Resources’ fact sheet titled ­What to do if you find a sick, injured or orphaned wild animal removing a wild animal from its natural environment can lower its chances of being successfully returned to its natural habitat. Therefore wildlife is not to be detained without the approval of the Ministry of Natural Resource (MNR). However, a person may possess a wild animal for a maximum of 24 hours for the sole purpose of transportation to a wildlife custodian or veterinarian. 

Sub Issues

OFA Fact Sheets

Ontario Wildlife Damage Compensation
(May 4, 2017)

Nuisance Wildlife, What can farmers do?
(March 27, 2014)

Submissions & Correspondence

OFA submission regarding White-tailed Deer Management Policy for Ontario
(April 21, 2017)

OFA comments on regulatory amendments to small game and furbearer wildlife species management under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997
(January 27, 2017)

OFA submission regarding Ontario's small game and furbearer management framework
(January 27, 2017)

OFA comments on discussion paper for Building a Wildlife Management Strategy for Ontario
(November 11, 2016)

OFA submission regarding Ontario’s wild turkey hunting program
(October 20, 2016)

Additional Information

OMAFRA Presentation: Ontario Wildlife Damage Compensation Program Updates
(August 21, 2017)

BMP for Use of Relaxing Cable Restraints in Ontario
(February 2, 2016)

BMP for Use of Relaxing Cable Restraints in Ontario - French
(February 2, 2016)


OFA supports Ontario government’s action on elk management
(January 11, 2011 - Environmental, Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

Better managing wildlife
(May 14, 2008 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

MNR wolf strategy a is concern-OFA Commentary #0005
(December 29, 2004 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

Improved predatory wildlife compensation announced for Ontario farmers
(July 4, 2011 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

Queen’s Park event builds stronger relationships with government
(April 27, 2012 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

Collaboration needed to solve bee health problems
(July 26, 2013 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

Endangered no more: modernizing regulations
(June 7, 2013 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage, Endangered Species)

Spring bear hunt pilot welcomed by OFA
(April 17, 2014 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

Connecting with cabinet is first order of business
(June 26, 2014 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage, Endangered Species, Natural Gas Infrastructure, Food Literacy)

New Invasive Species Act needs work
(November 13, 2015 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

OFA advocacy update at the halfway point of the Liberal mandate
(June 17, 2016 - Water, Land Use Policy & Farmland Preservation, Municipal Government, Rural Economic Development, Farm Property, Environmental, Energy, Waste Management, Wildlife & Wildlife Damage, Business Risk Management, Natural Gas Infrastructure, Climate Change)

Livestock farmers left to the wolves (and coyotes) by recent legislative changes
(August 19, 2016 - Wildlife & Wildlife Damage)

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